The Battle of San Jacinto was fought on April 21, 1836 near La Porte, Texas. It was the deciding battle of the Texas Revolution. It was fought between Texas revolutionaries led by Sam Houston and the Mexican Army led by General Antonio LÌÄå_pez de Santa Anna. The victory paved the way for the establishment of the independent Republic of Texas.
In the background is the USS Texas, BB-35. She is the second ship of the United States Navy named for the state of Texas. The USS Texas is a New York class battleship. She was launched on May 18th, 1912 and commissioned on March 12th, 1914.
The USS Texas first saw action in Mexican waters following the \"Tampico Incident\". In WWI, she made numerous sorties into the North Sea . After Pearl Harbor, the United States formally entered World War II, the USS Texas escorted troop and supply convoys across the Atlantic. She later shelled Axis controlled beaches during the North African campaign and the D-Day landings at Normandy. She later saw action in the Pacific providing naval gun support for the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa.
The USS Texas was decommissioned in 1948. She and her crew earned five Battle Stars during World War II. She is now a museum ship on the Houston Ship Channel and can be seen from the the San Jacinto Monument.
The USS Texas is significant for being the only remaining WWI era dreadnought style battleship. She is also one of only six remaining ships to have served in both WWI and WWII. Among United States built battleships, the USS Texas is notable for her many firsts. She is first US Naval vessel to house a permanently assigned contingent of US Marines. She is the first US battleship to mount anti-aircraft guns. She the first US ship to control gunfire with directors and range-keepers, early forerunners of the modern computer. The USS Texas was one of the first US battleships to launch an aircraft from a catapult mounted on the top of No. 3 Turret. She was one of the first vessels in the US Navy to receive the CXAM-1 radar. She was the first US battleship to become a permanent museum ship, and the first battleship declared to be a US National Historic Landmark. ‰ÛÓ Don Henderson